Tag Archives: US

85 per cent of all drugs produced in Afghanistan are shipped out by US aircraft.


85 per cent of all drugs produced in Afghanistan is being shipped aboard US aircraft. Foreign diplomats have stated that the United States military buy drugs from local Afghan drug lords who deal with field commanders overseeing eradication of drug production. The administration of President Hamid Karzai, including his two brothers, Kajum Karzai and Akhmed Vali Karzai, are involved in the CIA controlled narcotics trade – one of the main reasons why the U.S. installed Karzai as De facto president of Afghanistan.

“The Americans are working hard to keep narco business flourishing in both countries,” says Mikhail Khazin, president of the consultancy firm Niakon. “They consistently destroy the local infrastructure, pushing the local population to look for illegal means of subsistence. And the CIA [Central Intelligence Agency] provides protection to drug trafficking.”

U.S. freelance writer Dave Gibson recalled in an article published in the American Chronicle what a U.S. foreign intelligence official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, revealed of the CIA’s record of involvement with the international drug trade. The official said: “The CIA did almost the identical thing during the Vietnam War, which had catastrophic consequences – the increase in the heroin trade in the USA beginning in the 1970s is directly attributable to the CIA. The CIA has been complicit in the global drug trade for years, so I guess they just want to carry on their favourite business.”

The New York Times, May 20, 2001

Taliban’s Ban On Poppy A Success, U.S. Aides Say

UNITED NATIONS, May 18 — The first American narcotics experts to go to Afghanistan under Taliban rule have concluded that the movement’s ban on opium-poppy cultivation appears to have wiped out the world’s largest crop in less than a year, officials said today.

The American findings confirm earlier reports from the United Nations drug control program that Afghanistan, which supplied about three-quarters of the world’s opium and most of the heroin reaching Europe, had ended poppy planting in one season.

Under a U.S. and NATO occupation that wiped out Opium trade has been revived.

Reuters, Feb 19, 2009

Afghan 2008 opium crop was second biggest: U.N. report

Afghanistan’s opium harvest … 2008 … was … the second biggest on record, a United Nations body declared.

While the area under cultivation was reduced by a fifth, better yields meant production dropped only 6 percent to 7,700 tons, after a record 8,200 tons in 2007, the U.N.’s International Narcotics Control Board said in its annual report.

More than seven years after the U.S.-led invasion, Afghanistan still grows more than 90 percent of the world’s illegal opium poppies, the source of heroin.

NATO forces are not allowed to eradicate crops although NATO allies agreed … to allow their soldiers to carry out direct attacks on Afghan drug lords and laboratories.

Afghan officials let drug traffickers operate with impunity and those who do target the opium trade risk their lives, the report said. Last year (2008), 78 officials trying to eradicate opium crops were killed, six times the toll in 2007.

Air America Afghanistan

Air America was an American passenger and cargo airline established in 1950 and covertly owned and operated by the Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) Special Activities Division from 1950 to 1976. It supplied and supported US covert operations in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War.

Air America transported opium and heroin on behalf of Hmong leader Vang Pao. This has been supported by former Laos CIA paramilitary Anthony Poshepny, former Air America pilots, U.S. diplomats, former DEA agents, Congressional oversight committees and other people involved in the war.

University of Georgia historian William M. Leary claims that this was done without the airline employees’ direct knowledge (except for those employees that said they did know about it), and that the airline itself did not trade in drugs (only transported them).

Air America officially disbanded on June 30, 1976, and was later purchased by Evergreen International Airlines, which continues to provide support for U.S. covert operations.

Today Air America has been revived by the CIA, this time using U.S. military aircraft to transport the illegal drugs out of Afghanistan and into the United States.

This is about cocaine but it explains the relationship between all the actors involved in illegal drug trade. Good song.

Or if you are less than convinced of the dodgy history of government drug dealing, check out:


ROFL, now thats shocking!

Biological Warfare & Top 10 FOIA Failures by The Sunshine Project

stepnogorskBiological weapons, also called bioweapons, are nearly as old as war. In Roman times, wells were poisoned. Two hundred years ago in North America, the British Army attacked Native Americans by using smallpox-infected blankets. In World War II, the Japanese Army used bioweapons on a large scale in China. As disturbing as these cases are, on the other hand, the history of biowarfare (see graphic) can also be interpreted as history of the non-use. Few large scale deployments in wartime have happened.

A major reason is the obvious technical difficulty and the “boomerang effect” that bioweapons can have . Handling and using contagious diseases poses a threat of infection to an aggressor´s own soldiers and population. It is also technically challenging to develop biowarfare agents for large scale use. A relatively sophisticated microbiology is needed to isolate and grow microbes in a reliable manner, and to develop the special means of delivery, such as aerosol techniques, that must be available.

  Biological Warfare in History
Ancient Times Neanderthals poison arrows with animal faeces
Roman Empire Soldiers throw animal cadavers into enemies’ wells
1346 Tartar leader Khan Janibeg is said to have thrown plague corpses into the city of Kaffa to infect the inhabitants.
18th century British soldiers distribute smallpox-infected blankets to Native Americans.
World War I German saboteurs infect enemy horses and cattle with glanders and anthrax.
c. 1933-45 Japan experiments with Chinese prisoners of war and uses biological weapons in attacks on Chinese towns during World War II.
1942-43 UK military researchers perform tests with anthrax bombs on the Scottish island of Gruinard, rendering the island off limits for people for 50 years. To retaliate in kind against any German BW attack, the UK produced millions of cattle cakes.
Until 1969 The US maintained a huge offensive bioweapons program that produced a variety of agents.
1992 Boris Yeltsin admits the of former Soviet Union had a large biological weapons program. A 1979 anthrax accident near Sverdlosk cost 100 lives.
1995 UNSCOM finds final proof for an offensive biowarfare programme in Iraq.




Time elapsed since filing: 2835 days

Documents, deposited in the Public Access Records File, related to “non-lethal” weapons

Filed: 12 March 2002

NAS must obey FACA, a law that says that when NAS does a study for the government, documents that are deposited in the Public Access Records File are public. That’s at least what the law says…We requested dozens of public documents about “non-lethal” weapons. We started getting them. Some enthusiastically endorsed illegal chemical and biological weapons. Then, a Marine Corps Colonel sent a letter to NAS with an illegal “order” for It to stop sending us the papers. NAS knows who butters its bread. Violating federal law, it stopped releasing documents. Since mid-2002, NAS has ignored all queries about the issue. Our request remains standing.




Time elapsed since filing: 2832 days

Offensive Biological Weapons Proposals from Scientists

Filed: 15 March 2002

In late 2001, DARPA asked for research abstracts for the “Scientists Helping America” conference. One of the topics was the US Special Force’s “Future Concept Working Group Concept #247”. Concept #247 describes offensive anti-material biological weapons that could be used by US units. DARPA told the scientists not to submit proprietary information.We asked for the Concept #247 proposals and others in March 2002. We still haven’t got them. This seems to be a case of DARPA forgetting that bioweapons are illegal. Release of these 375 pages of abstracts might prove to be very embarrassing.




Time elapsed since filing: 2631 days

Authorizations to Use RCAs Under Executive Order 11850

Filed: 2 October 2002

In 2002, as the US fought in Afghanistan and prepared to invade Iraq, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld publicly complained about the Chemical Weapons Convention. Calling it a “straightjacket”, he said the US wanted looser restrictions on military use of ‘riot control agents’ (defined idiosyncratically). The comments drew howls of protest.According to President Gerald Ford’s Executive Order 11850 and Joint Chiefs of Staff Instructions, in almost all situations authorization by the President or the Secretary of Defense must be made before US troops can use chemicals. We requested any authorizations since September 11th, 2001. We have yet to receive a reply.





Time elapsed since filing: 2532 days

A videotape of tests of UAVs equipped to deliver chemical payloads

Filed: 9 January 2003

In the late 90s, the US toyed with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to deliver chemical agents. In 2003, we asked the US Navy for two videotapes of UAV tests conducted for the “non-lethal” weapons program in about 1997.Our request uncorked a “pass-the-buck” extravaganza through no less than five different commands. Each got one tape or the other and then passed the request on to somebody else. After some hard bureaucratic slogging, we got one of the tapes. We were eventually forced to file another FOIA request for the other tape with the last FOIA office that was supposed to have received it. The Marines’ Warfighting Lab replied that they didn’t have it, although it was sent to their office for FOIA processing! It must be an interesting tape! And we still want it.




Time elapsed since filing: 2483 days

Minutes of Institutional Biosafety Committee Meetings

Filed: 27 February 2003

In February 2003, we requested minutes from meetings of the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC). UTMB, an operator of BSL-4 facilities, chose to fight the request. It argued that a state patient privacy law that exempted the minutes of “medical committees” from disclosure trumped federal guidelines that required release the minutes. Nevermind that there is no information about patients in the minutes, because they aren’t about medical care. They are about biosafety. Despite support from the Freedom of Information Foundation of Texas and the ACLU of Texas, we lost the state ruling.We appealed to the feds, whose rules say that if UTMB doesn’t release the minutes, then the school loses grant money. In came the National Institute of Health’s Office of Biotechnology Activities (OBA). Faced with blatant violation of its guidelines, OBA blew some wet kisses to UTMB’s biodefense bug jockeys and spanked them with a soggy linguini for good measure. While UTMB now has public IBC minutes, all of them from before 2004 remain secret – despite federal “rules” that “require” UTMB to release the documents. We still want them. We asked again and UTMB still won’t give them up. OBA promised (in writing) a report on its “investigation”; but never provided one.





Time elapsed since filing: 1806 days

Report of a US/UK Joint Military Seminar on “Non-Lethal” Weapons Policy, Including Biochemicals

Filed: 4 January 2005

Among the documents that eluded us at the National Academies of Science (see #1) was a report of a US/UK joint military seminar on “non-lethal” weapons policy.We obtained other reports from this series, wherein US military officials are recorded speaking in unguarded terms about their interest in “non-lethal” biochemical weapons. The policy seminar promised to be most interesting.We were excited when the UK established a “real” Freedom of Information law and, in January 2005, we filed for the report. Within 10 days we had an initial reply. The Ministry of Defence found a document and wanted to confirm that it was the correct one. “Great!“, we thought, “those Brits have got it together!“. But not long after, we got a more ominous e-mail. The Ministry had contacted the US Marines and – surprise! – “they have asked that it not be released.”These Brits, however, are not American lackeys. They wrote to say that they were going to make their own decision and inform us by 14 April 2005. London hasn’t called since.




Time elapsed since filing: 1788 days

Dates of Issuance of Permits to Handle Biological Weapons Agents

Filed: 22 January 2005

After Boston University’s cover-up of 3 laboratory-acquired tularemia infections was exposed, it became apparent that, at the time of the accidents, BU researchers may not have had the required federal permits to possess virulent tularemia organisms.We asked CDC for the dates on which a number of BU researchers were issued these “select agent” permits. CDC quickly denied this information on plainly specious grounds and has yet to process the appeal we filed.





Time elapsed since filing: 1714 days

Smallpox Safety and

Research Protocols

Filed: 6 April 2005

While smallpox virus is at CDC, it’s Army scientists that do the work. We asked the Army for a variety of its smallpox research records. At first, the Army actually responded by saying that it had nothing. When we explained why that was preposterous, the Army said that it had been confused between “personal” and “agency” records. We were briefly encouraged. Since finding responsive records, however, the Army has ignored our queries about this request and no records have been released to us.




Time elapsed since filing: 1701 days

Smallpox Safety and

Research Protocols

Filed: 6 April 2005



CDC’s Atlanta labs are the only place where smallpox (variola) virus is held in the United States. We requested a variety of documents related to research on the virus, particuluarly items related to safety procedures. We have received nothing.




Time elapsed since filing: 1531 days

Records of NSABB’s “Review” of the Resurrection of 1918 Influenza

Filed: 6 October 2005

After the deeds were done and the opportunity to meaningfully intervene largely sacrificed, in 2005 the National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity (NSABB) was called in to assist with public relations problems surrounding the resurrection of 1918 influenza. NSABB “reviewed” the 1918 flu experiments literally only hours before they were to be printed. The “review” happened in a hastily convened phone call whose purpose was to rubber stamp a project that had not been properly overseen. It was a farce of a “review” aimed at derailing opposition to the experiments, rather than fulfilling NSABB’s responsibilities.NIH promised openness and transparency at NSABB, however, so we put that rhetoric to the test by asking for full documentation of the “review”. Rather than putting its records where its mouth is, OBA has responded by haggling and ignoring Federal Appeals Court rulings about FOIA fees. We suspect this petty attitude from a FOIA office that is normally reasonably efficient has to do with a reluctance to release unflattering records.

For more information check out http://sunshine-project.org/